# New configuration format for rspamd

After long live with XML format I’ve finally decided to improve the configuration system to avoid various issues related to the configuration extending and readability. In this post I try to describe the main features and principles of the configuration language which I’ve called RCL - rspamd configuration language.

## Basic structure

RCL is heavily infused by nginx configuration as the example of a convenient configuration system. However, RCL is fully compatible with JSON format and is able to parse json files. For example, you can write the same configuration in the following ways:

• in nginx like:
• or in JSON:

## Improvements to the json notation.

There are various things that makes json parsing more convenient for editing:

• Braces are not necessary to enclose the top object: it is automatically treated as object:

is the equivalent to:

• There is no requirement of quotes for strings and keys, moreover, : sign may be replaced with = sign or even skipped for objects:

is the equivalent to:

• No commas mess: you can safely place a comma or semicolon for the last element in array or object:
• Non-unique keys in an object are allowed and automatically converted to the arrays internally:

is converted to:

• Numbers can have suffixes to specify standard multipliers:
• [kKmMgG] - standard 10 base multipliers (so 1k is translated to 1000)
• [kKmMgG]b - 2 power multipliers (so 1kb is translated to 1024)
• [s|min|d|w|y] - time multipliers, all time values are translated to float number of seconds, for example 10min is translated to 3600.0 and 10ms is translated to 0.01
• Booleans can be specified as true or yes or on and false or no or off.
• It is still possible to treat numbers and booleans as strings by enclosing them in double quotes.

## General improvements

RCL supports different style of comments:

• single line: # or //
• multiline: /* ... */

RCL supports external macroes both multiline and single line ones:

There are two internal macroes provided by RCL:

• include - read a file /path/to/file or an url http://example.com/file and include it to the current place of RCL configuration;
• includes - read a file or an url like the previous macro, but fetch and check the signature file (which is obtained by .sig suffix appending).

Public key (or keys) used for the last command are specified by the concrete RCL user (by rspamd for example).

## Emitter

Each RCL object can be serialized to one of the three supported formats:

• JSON - canonic json notation (with spaces indented structure);
• Compacted JSON - compact json notation (without spaces or newlines);
• Configuration - nginx like notation.

## Conclusion

RCL has clear design that should be very convenient for reading and writing. At the same time it is compatible with JSON language and therefore can be used as a simple JSON parser. Macroes logic provides an ability to extend configuration language (for example by including some lua code) and comments allows to disable or enable the parts of a configuration quickly. Rspamd 0.6.0 will be the first version with RCL configuration. It will be possible to convert the existing XML configuration to RCL one by rspamd itself.

# New rspamd site

Rspamd site has been created. It uses jekyll for pages generation and twitter bootstrap with superb united theme from bootswatch. I plan to move all documentation and downloads to this resource trying to provide more robust and comfortable information for rspamd users.